Once you have decided on a research area/topic you'd like to study, and have formulated a research question, you need to review the literature on that topic a literature both of these areas, while not directly related to your research question, will surely give you sound groundwork to build upon to begin. These pages have been developed by staff at cquniversity to help postgraduate students conceptualize, research and write a literature review the pages are intended a literature review is an evaluative report of information found in the literature related to your selected area of study the review should. Have an exemplary literature review have you written a stellar literature review you care to share for teaching purposes are you an instructor who has received an exemplary literature review and have permission from the student to post please contact britt mcgowan at [email protected] for. Effective literature reviews outlining important research trends assessing the strengths and weaknesses of existing research identifying potential gaps in knowledge establishing a need for current and/or future research projects steps for writing a lit review planning reading and research analyzing drafting. A literature review compiles and evaluates the research available on a certain topic or issue that you are researching and writing about because lit review formats vary greatly, be sure to read your professor's instructions first and defer to them a typical writing process for a literature review follows these. Doing a careful and thorough literature review is essential when you write about research at any level topic, but it also appraises, encapsulates, compares and contrasts, and correlates various scholarly books, research articles, and other relevant sources that are directly related to your current research. A literature review is the effective evaluation of selected documents on a research topic a review may form an essential part of the research process or may constitute a research project in itself in the context of a research paper or thesis the literature review is a critical synthesis of previous research the evaluation of the. Research process– the research problem– formulation of research objectives – review of related literature– delimitation of the research processing– data analysis and interpretation– drawing conclusions and recommendations– writing of research report– reporting of research findings 3.
There are two kinds of literature reviews you might write at university: one that students are asked to write as a stand-alone assignment in a course, often as part of their training in the research processes in their ﬁeld, and the other that is written as part of an introduction to, or preparation for, a longer work, usually a thesis or. I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review in addition to using the step-by-step guide that i have provided below, i also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim. As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept ( eg, your research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing, or your be organized around and related directly to the thesis or research question you are developing synthesize results into a summary of what is and is not known.
Sonja foss and william walters describe an efficient and effective way of writing a literature review their system provides an excellent guide for getting through the massive amounts of literature for any purpose: in a dissertation, an ma thesis, or an article or book in any field of study below is a summary. This study guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported related study guides are: referencing and bibliographies, avoiding plagiarism, writing a dissertation, what is critical reading what is critical writing the focus of the study guide is the literature review within a.
“a literature review” i thought bedazzled as i came out of my thesis supervisor's office why would he ask me to write a literature review for a prestigious journal when i hadn't published any it should include your thesis, the general contours of your ideas and research, and what type of review you'll write. Why do we write literature reviews literature reviews provide you with a handy guide to a particular topic if you have limited time to conduct research, literature reviews can give you an overview or act as a stepping stone for professionals, they are useful reports that keep them up to date with what is current in the field. In brief: reviews of previous literature in a thesis or research paper are not summaries of every article you writing about the literature is not just part of “ what you have to do”, it is a valuable way to learn the in some fields, especially medically related, it can be very hard to obtain “ideal” sample sizes and experimental.
Your task in writing the literature review is not simply to summarize the prior research but to critically review the research related to your topic then present your own perspective on the research in your field as a means for establishing your credibility as a scholar the purdue university writing center. Take the mystery out of this academic assignment all you do is: (1) gather the summaries of your sources (2) put the summaries in groups based on theme (4) write a paragraph on each group of sources with transitions between each source 4 add introduction and conclusion paragraphs you're done. Its purpose is to prevent duplication of efforts, resolve conflicts, and point the way for further research but if you are writing a literary review for the sciences, say, on treating diabetes, information from 5 years ago could already be obsolete sort through current how do i do a review of related literature answer this. Suggestions for preparing and writing a literature review a literature review is a summary of research that has been published about a particular subject it provides the reader with an idea about the current situation in terms of what has been done, and what we know sometimes it includes suggestions about what needs.
A literature review should be structured like any other essay: it should have an introduction, a middle or main body, and a conclusion for example, if you were reviewing the literature on obesity in children you might say something like: there are a large number of studies of obesity trends in the general population. Basic tools for writing are the same (such as style) but the goal of a literature review in a research paper is somewhat different from other types of writing the goal is previous research may focus on attitudes about something (say divorce ) and you want to look at a related behavior (whether or not couples actually divorce. The ateneo research center, ateneo de zamboanga university is sponsoring a seminar-workshop on how to write a review of related literature on march 5-6, 2012 this will take place from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm at the lrc conference hall, 1 st floor, lrc building, ateneo de zamboanga university la purisima campus.
A narrow-scope literature review may be included as part of a peer-reviewed journal article presenting new research, serving to situate the current study within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the reader in such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and results sections of the work. Do not just look for research papers in the area you wish to review, but also seek previous reviews the chances are high that someone will already have published a literature review (figure 1), if not exactly on the issue you are planning to tackle, at least on a related topic if there are already a few or. As well as helping you to write a good literature review, fully understanding the need for such work is what allows you to know you're on-track, why what you're doing is literature review is a compulsion for the researcher to read materials related to the research and enhance the knowledge on research background.
Topic chose your topic with care you will be spending a lot of time thinking through this issue 2 research draw up a research plan and utilize many resources 3 review take the time to draw out connections and contradictions in the literature 4 track make sure to keep track of your citations in a. As part of the planning process you should have done a literature review, which is a survey of important articles, books and other sources pertaining to your research topic now, for the second main section of your research report you need to write a summary of the main studies and research related to your topic. Appropriate and relevant research questions and the methods employed to answer them must be framed in the context of existing research the dissertation literature review is one of the most demanding tasks in the thesis writing process remember that a thorough, refined literature review is the foundation of solid.