Most analyses of oz describe the story as a political allegory during baum's time , monetary policy in regards to silver and gold standards was a hot topic baum supported populism (belief that the government should follow the interests of the largest group - think the 99% in today's political jargon), which is why many. You could credit (or blame) henry m littlefield, an obscure high school teacher in mount vernon, ny, for stirring things up with his 1964 essay in american quarterly, “the wizard of oz: parable on populism” littlefield claimed that the book was baum's clever allegory on the populist movement of his day. It has been accepted for inclusion in theses, dissertations, professional papers by an authorized administrator of scholarworks at university of montana for peterson, amanda marie, orphanhood and the search for home in l frank baum's the wonderful wizard of oz and boris populism” american quarterly vol. Devotees of baum's oz books, who vehemently argued that the wizard ofoz is in no way, shape, or form a monetary or political allegory baum's great-grandson roger went so far as to call the populist-parable interpretation “insane” 6 historians, on the other hand, have tended to stick with and extend the littlefield thesis. Free essay: max lang 2/27/12 history 11 the wizard of oz: parable on populism when lyman frank baum first publicized the wonderful wizard of oz in 1900, it. One of the most famous and oft-cited works of criticism on the wonderful wizard of oz is henry littlefield's the wizard of oz: parable on populism which discusses how the work incorporated baum's experience and interest in the populist movement he begins by noting baum's life in south dakota and. The wonderful wizard of oz is an american children's novel written by author l frank baum and illustrated by w w denslow, originally published by the george m hill company in chicago on may 17, 1900 it has since been reprinted on numerous occasions, most often under the title the wizard of oz, which is the title of.
The wizard of oz: parable on populism author(s): henry m littlefield source: american quarterly, vol 16, no 1 (spring, 1964), pp 47-58 published by: the johns hopkins university press stable url: accessed: 21/11/2008 12:37 your use of the jstor archive indicates your. That has been true since 1964, when american quarterly published henry m littlefield's the wizard of oz: parable on populism littlefield described all sorts of the most extensive treatment of the littlefield thesis is an article by hugh rockoff in the journal of political economy rockoff, who saw in the. But few people realize that the series of children's books by l frank baum, on which the film was based — most notably the wonderful wizard of oz and while critics of littlefield's work have subsequently discounted some of his thesis, littlefield acknowledged that baum himself crafted the allegory in “a.
Just wanted to say you did a great job of summing up the littlefield thesis i have the essay i wrote and several journals on how populism relates to the wizard of oz, but that's about it the wizard of oz: parable on populism - henry littlefield is really good place to start if you want to know more. Reader michael e marotta is working on an article taking issue with the thesis put forth by several numismatists that the wizard of oz, with its yellow brick road and originally silver (not ruby) the theory that the wonderful wizard of oz is a parable about populism originated with henry m littlefield.
Some historians have harbored a basic mistrust of such mass uprisings and have therefore viewed the populists with suspicion and hostility others have viewed such henry littlefield - the rise and fall of the wizard of oz as a 'parable on populism', david parker. In supporting this thesis, littlefield drew on baum's experience as a journalist before he wrote oz as editor of a small newspaper in aberdeen, south dakota, baum in “the rise and fall of the wonderful wizard of oz as a 'parable on populism,'” david parker recounted the curious interpretive history of the first oz book. Amazoncom: the historian's wizard of oz: reading l frank baum's classic as a political and monetary allegory (9780275974190): ranjit s dighe: books in one volume, dighe assembles varied source material to help the reader see the real (and imagined) links between oz and populism the historian's wizard of. Baum was a member of the democratic populist party, and in the 1890s he ardently supported populist william jennings bryan in both his 1896 and 1900 presidential campaigns – obviously, both were unsuccessful (littlefield, 49) henry littlefield proposes that the wizard of oz is an allegory for the.
The most inventive interpretation of the wonderful wizard of oz, was started in 1964 by henry m littlefield littlefield wrote an essay entitled “the wonderful wizard of oz: a parable on populism,” which was published in the american quarterly since then, many people have continued to expound on this theme to fully. Those of us of certain age may recall the suggestion that l frank baum's the wonderful wizard of oz allegorically represented the populist movement there even was an article the wizard of oz: parable on populism published in american quarterly, fall 1968, asserting the theory according to henry.
3 the story in 1900, l frank baum published a children's story called the wizard of oz you're probably familiar with the 1939 movie of this story in which a girl named dorothy finds herself in a fantastical world where she must follow a yellow brick road to speak to the wizard of oz on the way she befriends a brainless. In 1964 henry littlefield, a columbia university-trained historian, wrote a breakthrough article in the scholarly american quarterly titled “the wizard of oz: parable on populism” in the article, littlefield made the bold claim that frank baum's 1900 book conceals an unsuspected depth the wonderful. In his book “the wonderful wizard of oz in american popular culture,” neil earle writes “according to littlefield, baum marched in torch-light parades for bryan in 1896 thus when he came to write his best-known work in 1900 he simply dressed it up as a populist allegory” (8) littlefield describes dorothy as an everyday. Not only is this year is the 75th anniversary of the release of the mgm classic film the wizard of oz (1939), but also the 50th anniversary of henry littlefield's article suggesting that the wizard of oz was a “parable on populism,” a rural political movement in the late-19th century in the spring, 1964, issue of.
There have been many interpretations of the symbolic meaning within the wonderful wizard of oz some suggest that the book is in fact a political allegory, based on the american populist movement at the turn of the century the silver shoes are used to discuss the value of having a silver, instead of a. Littlefield's theories on populist allegory throughout the wizard of oz sparked much controversy with the public henry m littlefield was able to convincingly connect scenes, characters, and objects in the wizard of oz to populism in his essay the wizard of oz: parable on populism the movie opens up with a very drab. A parable on populism (and american monetary policy) this popular and well- documented reading sees the wizard of oz as being about the collapse of the populist movement in the united states at the turn of the twentieth century in this scenario, dorothy represents the common citizen, the tin man is. The wonderful wizard of oz study guide contains a biography of l frank baum, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.