In this course we will study the twelve minor prophets (hosea ~ malachi) in light of historical, canonical, and terence e fretheim, reading hosea – micah: a literary and theological commentary (macon, ga exegesis papers as required assignments—you get to do two practices rather than one each student will need. It is the task of the interpreter to discover the thought pattern they merely “ cough up” an assignment in order to meet require- ments for a course, but minor prophets 12 lesson 2—joel the date of joel's writing is uncertain, and perhaps not that impor- tant in order to understand the message of the book joel speaks of. The superscription (1:1) of [micah's] book dates him to the days of the kings of judah: jotham, ahaz, and hezekiah according to this information (and we realize that the chronological data at our disposal are a bit uncertain), micah appeared on the scene at the very latest in the year 734 (bce) he was active until at least. In justification of this date they pointed out that joel is placed among the twelve minor prophets between osee and amos further, that among the enemies of juda the the assignment to the period of king josias is supported by the fact that joel takes for his theme the day of the lord, as does the contemporary prophet. The prophet joel, whose name means yah is god, was of the tribe of reuben, the son of bathuel, and lived from 810 to 750 bc (but some say in the 7th century bc) his book is divided into three chapters, and is the second in order of the minor prophets he foretold the coming of the holy spirit on the day of pentecost. 39,407 11,606 30,305 minor prophet breakdown chapters verses word count hosea 14 197 5,175 joel 3 73 2,034 amos 9 146 4,217 obadiah 1 21 670 jonah 4 48 b god designates our assignments on the basis of his perfect wisdom and not with respect to our personal preferences (heb 12:1 phil. The remnant, three senses, micah 2:12 knowledge and spiritual discernment, he does not assign these gifted christians to be the only authoritative interpreters of his word it is up to each of c the order of “the twelve” or minor prophets has been linked by many scholars to a chronological sequence however. Destructive criticism has assigned to joel a post-exilic date, with some very puerile arguments the latter is excluded, therefore joel exercised his office as prophet in judah during the middle of the ninth century, as stated above, about 860-850 bc this view is joel therefore is probably the oldest of the minor prophets.
The son of phatuel, and second in the list of the twelve minor prophets nothing is known of his life the scene of his labours was the southern israelite kingdom of juda, and probably its capital jerusalem, for he repeatedly refers to temple and altar the frequent apostrophes to the priests (1:9, 13-14 2:17) also lead to the. Survey of the minor prophets david a padfield 6 vi chronology as suggested by homer hailey: a ninth century (early assyrian period) 1 obadiah (c 845 bc) 2 joel (c 830 bc) 3 a “the book of jonah assigns to nineveh a seemingly much exaggerated size for that reason some commentators have. Who he was: although little is certain about this prophet, the focus joel had on jerusalem and the temple's functionaries may indicate he lived in the judean capitol who he was: obadiah was a common name, so this book cannot be assigned with certainty to any of the obadiah's mentioned in the old testament, and the. Bible study textbook series the minor prophets the prophets of the decline obadiah - joel - jonah amos - hosea paul t butler college press, joplin, missouri iii 4qxllc indicates hosea, joel, amos, zephaniah, and malachi, 4qxlld hosea mediate situation but our first task in interpretation is to.
The project at hand involves an examination of the headings of the four books of the eighth-century prophets, listed in the order in which we find them in the hebrew bible: isaiah, hosea amos, micah with slight but significant variations, the headings are formulaic in character, follow the same pattern, and contain the same. Micah is one of the twelve minor prophets of the old testament he authored the book of micah, which alternates between prophesies of doom and prophesies of restoration it was occasionally used as an english given name by the puritans after the protestant reformation, but it did not become common until the end of the. Obadiah or nahum or perhaps the better question is “have you ever read obadiah” or “where do i find haggai” the minor prophets form the last 12 books of the old testament we are the prophet joel urged the people of judah to turn again to god assign each of them a chapter from amos 3–6 to read and.
I am referring of course to the major prophets (isaiah, jeremiah, ezekiel, and daniel) and the twelve minor prophets (the final twelve books of our old testament) in fact, it may be the dating of the prophets jonah, joel, and obadiah are more questionable than the other prophets all three of these have. Scholars variously assign the book of joel dates from before 800 bce to about 400 bce regarding their arguments in favor of a late or an early composition for the book, the international standard bible the jews did not question the canonicity of the book of joel but placed it second among the “minor” prophets.
Some prophets (eg, jeremiah and ezekiel) were priests with the duties described above others were shepherds, including moses and amos deborah was a judge adjudicating issues for the israelites huldah was probably a teacher in the scholarly sector of jerusalem the task of a prophet overlaid other jobs. We know little of the prophet joel beyond a few personal details contained in the book itself he identified himself as the son of pethuel, preached to the people of judah, and expressed a great deal of interest in jerusalem joel also made several comments on the priests and the temple, indicating a familiarity with the. The former prophets are joshua, judges, 1 and 2 samuel, 1 and 2 kings the latter prophets are isaiah, jeremiah, ezekiel, and the twelve so-called minor prophets, hosea through malachi the book of the prophet joel comes second in the group of minor prophets, but unlike hosea and amos and.
A study of the minor prophets introduction page 1 introduction the true prophets in the old testament were loyal servants of god and convinced foes of idolatry they often risked their lives by confronting wicked kings, princes or ruler with the word of god they poured their souls into their pleas that sinners repent. The minor prophets joel by al maxey whether joel received his name at birth, or was given this name later as a result of his ministry, is unknown joel lived and prophesied in the southern kingdom pre-exilic --- three general positions have been advanced by those who assign a pre-exilic date to joel they are.
In justification of this date they pointed out that joel is placed among the twelve minor prophets between osee and amos further, that among the enemies of juda the later commentators assign the book to the period after the exile, both because chapter iii assumes the dispersal of the jews among other nations, and. Chart the kings and plot the prophets assignment: 1 make a chart showing the succession of kings in israel and judah 2 plot these prophets on the chart in accordance with the chronological reference in their books plot these: amos, hosea, micah, isaiah, zephaniah, jeremiah the other pre-exilic prophets give no. Joel was a prophet of ancient israel, the second of the twelve minor prophets and the author of the book of joel he is mentioned by name only once in the hebrew bible, in the introduction to his own brief book, as the son of pethuel (joel 1:1) the name joel combines the covenant name of god, yhwh (or yahweh), and el.
We now come to the most well known of the minor prophets: jonah, whose name means dove 2 his book does not contain prophecy per se, rather it contains the history of a prophet a a prophet reluctant to fulfill the mission god assigned him b a prophet who complained when his mission proved successful -- what. I lexical there are several excellent lexicons available for ancient hebrew a hebrew and english lexicon of the old testament by francis brown, s r driver, and charles a briggs it is based on the german lexicon by william gesenius it is known by the abbreviation bdb b the hebrew and aramaic lexicon of the. Christian service training meet the minor prophets t'j ralph barle~ thd professor of new testament nazarene theoloqical seminary amos and obadiah 37 the prophet's regular occupation was that of a dresser of sycomore-trees (arv) it was his task to pinch or slit the figs to make them.