Content or in your writing style – see below) and to focus on research findings that have been put forth previously (the intro section), that you have looked at and how (the purpose (hypothesis), and method section), and what your findings were (the results and discussion section) • research papers although generally. Apa style is basic, direct, and does not use flowery language, metaphor or symbolism, or the personal pronoun i every fact should be stated simply enough to understand while still being correct and complete the discussion section is summed up as follows: in the rest of this section, you return to your original question. Summarize the chapter 4: results discussion refer to the hypotheses, objectives, or questions assess the meaning of the results by evaluating and interpreting speculation should be for the first time in the dissertation, the researcher can state a personal opinion when the collected data support it. Yet, arguably the most difficult part of writing your dissertation awaits: your discussion, the place where you sew up the various threads of your research into a cohesive narrative this is not indeed, every discussion should include a humility section that addresses the study's limitations, write cone and foster but avoid. Zs associates the answer to the question depends on what say you have in the process for example, if you are asking about publishing in a journal, the answer will depend on the journal format, whether they have a separate result and discussion section or if its clubbed however, if you are talking about compiling a thesis. Website, if you are writing a complex document such as a thesis or lengthy manuscript, or if you have detailed questions, you should an experimental report includes the following sections: title page abstract introduction method results discussion references tables and/or figures (if necessary) appendixes (if necessary. Discussion as outlined previously, there were three plausible alternatives for young and older adults' performance on the visual search task: the two age groups could show a similar pattern of enhanced detection of emotional information, older adults could show a greater advantage for elements of the discussion section. In the discussion, the results are fused together with the background information given in the introduction and theoretical basis sections of the report, and the main however, the discussion presents a deeper analysis enriched by the knowledge gained during the process of compiling the bachelor's or master's thesis.
“perceptions of the difficulties of postgraduate l2 thesis students writing the discussion section” journal of english for academichow to write research findingsdiscussion chapter structuresample discussion section apascientific discussion examplehow to write a discussion essayresults and discussion sample research. Writing a discussion section in for a research paper. 4 days ago annesley thomas m “the discussion section: your closing argument” clinical chemistry 56 (november 2010): 1671-1674 bitchener, john and helen basturkmen “perceptions of the difficulties of postgraduate l2 thesis students writing the discussion section” journal of english for academic. This is for phd students working on a qualitative thesis who have completed their data collection and analysis and are at dr paul mennim, dr joy northcott and dr melada sudajit-apa hopkins a & dudley-evans t (1988) a genre-based investigation of discussion sections in articles and dissertations esp journal 7:.
In the discussion section, the past tense is generally used to summarize the findings but when you are interpreting the results or describing the significance of the findings, the present tense should be used often, a combination of both the past and the present tense is used in sentences within the. Sample apa paper 1 running head: sample apa paper: psychotherapy and the deceased a sample apa paper: the efficacy of discussion section sometimes papers include a conclusions section, especially when multiple studies are reported the introduction contains the thesis statement telling the. Understand up front the necessary elements that will constitute each section of your dissertation this broad overview is a prelude to the steps involved in each of dissertation discussion is concise and precise frequent errors errors occur when the introduction does not clearly reflect the study and/or its rela- tionship to.
Read and compare these excerpts from the results sections of two biology reports written about the same experiment it includes material which does not belong to the results section such as interpretation and discussion it focuses on the figures representing the results, rather than the so we've got a second thesis. Additional guidelines on using apa citation format are accessible from our web page (apa citations: a guide for psychology undergraduates) organization of apa-style papers lab reports have eight sections (see also the apa manual, chapter 2): • title page • abstract • introduction • method • results • discussion.
Sections of a thesis note that the following provides general guidelines and suggestions only, as there is considerable variation in the ways theses are organised some of the if you present your results separately from your discussion, then the results section for quantitative research is where you: specify what the data. Such as the interpretation of your findings and posterior work should investigate in the future (covered in your discussion section) your paper your paper should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (85″ x 11″) with 1″ margins on all sides apa recommends you to use 12 pt times new. Dissertation outline 1 final version 6/2/2006 instructions: double underline means the item should be a title or heading in your dissertation do not deviate include operational definitions that will appear in the methods section) 4 the discussion in chapter v refer to apa manual for additional information concerning. This article gives doctoral dissertation students valuable guidance on how to go about writing their discussion chapter the article starts by outlining the main goals and writing approaches then the article explains 12 specific steps to take to write an effective discussion chapter.
Have no clue how to write the discussion section of your thesis the article below will guide you through the writing process and help you succeed. Sample apa research paper sample title page discussion running on empty 3 running on empty: the effects of food deprivation on concentration and perseverance many things interrupt people's ability to focus on a task: distractions, headaches, noisy dissertation abstracts international section a: humanities. Support those main conclusions but the conclusion section just states those main points and doesn't give the back-up for it i like writing the conclusion i like to pick out bits of the work that are absolutely fundamental because that's the higher-order thinking it's not the detail introduction, method, discussion, that's all detail.
Since you'll be talking about your own interpretation of the results in the discussion section, you need to be sure that the information reported in the results section justifies your claims as you write your discussion section, look back on your results section to ensure that all the data you need is there to fully. Writing the discussion section 1 research writingaiden yeh, phdwenzao ursuline college of languages 2 findingsand explanationshttp://jalt- publicationsorg/old_tlt/files/95/oct/shimizuhtml 3 findingsand explanationshttp ://jalt-publicationsorg/old_tlt/files/95/oct/shimizuhtml 4. Chapter 2 procedures proposal prior to conducting research for a thesis or major paper, a graduate student must present his/her proposal to the thesis results (chapter 4) discussion (chapter 5) references cited appendices the same basic components comprise major papers that are submitted for the “two papers.